Prostate Cancer - Overview
Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and is the second leading cause of cancer related death in men. In 2016 it is estimated that over 180,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer and more than 26,000 men will die of prostate cancer. (American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2016. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2016). Risk factors for prostate cancer include increasing age, African ancestry, family history of prostate cancer, and certain genetic conditions. Some symptoms of prostate cancer may be similar to those of prostate infection or enlargement including the inability to urinate, a weak or halting stream, difficulty starting or stopping urination, frequent urination, blood in the urine, pain or burning during urination, and chronic pain in the lower back, pelvis or upper thighs. However, in most situations there are no symptoms even when prostate cancer is advanced. Therefore, it is important to see your physician if you have these symptoms, but it is equally important to undergo prostate cancer screening even if you don't have symptoms.