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Female Infertility - Treatment
Improved ovulation through fertility drugs
The primary treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders is with fertility drugs. These medications control or stimulate ovulation. In general, they work like natural hormones to initiate ovulation. Some of the most common fertility drugs include:
Fertility drugs that are injected raise the chance of multiple births. Fertility drugs taken orally also add to the chance of multiple births but at a much lower rate. Careful monitoring must accompany the use of these drugs, i.e., blood tests, hormone tests and ultrasound measurement of ovarian follicle size may be required. In general, with greater number of fetuses comes higher risk of premature labor. Premature babies are at an elevated risk of health and developmental problems.
Depending on the cause, surgery may be a treatment option for infertility. Obstructions or other problems in the fallopian tubes may be surgically repaired. Laparoscopic techniques are used to perform slight operations on the fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis caused infertility is usually difficult to treat. Your doctor may treat you with ovulation therapy, where medication is used to activate or control ovulation. In vitro fertilization may also be used, in which the egg and sperm are joined in the laboratory and moved to the uterus.
The treatment of infertility has been revolutionized by this technology. In the United States each year thousands of babies are born as a result of ART. Physicians, psychologists, embryologists, laboratory technicians, nurses and allied health professionals work together as a team to help infertile couples achieve pregnancy.
The most common forms of ART include:
Optimal conditions for ART include a woman with a healthy uterus and natural ovulation and with healthy sperm. After age 32, the achievement rate of ART gradually diminishes.
Common Treatment Barriers
Some problems exist with the treatment of infertility. These include:
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